Institute for Refractory Cancer Research

Becoming the world’s best research driven hospital in the development of refractory cancer treatment


Refractory cancer is defined as cancer that cannot be treated with regular treatments, which leads to very short survival time (around 6 months) for patients. A large portion of medical costs from cancer patients are caused by refractory cancer, but targeted therapy is scarce. Therefore the development of refractory cancer treatments play a vitally important role not only in medical advancement but also in social and economic benefit.

Established in 2009, the institute introduced the Avatar Platform, an innovative refractory cancer translational research program based on the AVATAR Mouse® and AVATASCAN® systems. Since then, the center has been successfully transfer the global technology by exporting the Avatar Platform and training expertise. The center also aims to trigger a virtuous cycle by encouraging collaborative research among industry-academy-institute partners. By maintaining an open line of communication with pharmaceutical companies and fundamental clinical researchers, the institute aims to realize personalized treatment for refractory cancer patients by building a new medication development platform in Korea, with the aim of accelerating treatment and clinical approaches, and creating differentiated and innovative translational research.


  • New medical technology certification for personalized treatment
  • Clinical application of personalized treatment
  • Development of new medicine for refractory cancer
  • Management of translational research system optimize in clinical approach

Patients' Rights and Responsibilities

Patients' Rights

1. Right to receive medical care

Patients have the right to receive proper medical and nursing services for their Health Protection and Promotion and they will not be discriminated for gender, age, religion, status, nationality, language, race, or physical/mental/financial circumstances nor be violated of their health. Medical team may not deny medical care without justifiable reason.

2. Right to be informed & autonomous decision

Patients have the right to receive be well-informed and to inquire in detail about the treating physician’s specialty, status of their disease, purpose of the treatment, treatment plan, method, expected results and side effects of the treatment, discharge plan, medical cost, whether or not they are a subject to medical research, organ transplant/donation and etc, and to decide whether to give consent. Patients may stop or deny specific treatment or planned medical care within the ethical guideline and may decide on an alternative treatment.

3. Right to have confidentiality

Patients will not be violated of their rights to confidentiality regarding their physical/health status and privacy. Medical team and facility may not reveal or announce patient’s confidential information, including personal information, unless patient has gives consent or specified in the law, such as criminal investigation.

4. Right to request for consultation and mediation

Patients may request for consultation and mediation from an internal or external agency (Korea Consumer Agency, Korea Medical Dispute Mediation and Arbitration Agency) in the event of any medical dispute.

5. Right to be respected of values or beliefs

Patients will not be discriminated for their culture, religious values or beliefs, and their rights will not be violated.

6. Right to be physically protected and to have stability of mind and bod

Patients have the right to be protected from possible danger in the hospital and to have the stability of mind and body.


1. Responsible to trust and respect the medical team

Patients must accurately inform the medical team of their health condition, trust and respect the medical team’s treatment plan. Patients may be responsible for consequences which results from not following the instruction.

2. Responsible to not use dishonest method for medical treatment

Patients must reveal their identity before receiving any medical care and must not use false or dishonest method, such as receiving medical case under disguised ownership.

3. Responsible to abide by all hospital regulations

Patients must abide by all hospital regulations, respect hospital staff and other patients, and earnestly fulfill the financial obligation to the hospital.