Risk of heart disease occurrence through results of “Timed up and go” test




The research team of Professor Shin Dongwook of Department of Family medicine and Professor Sohyun Chun of International Healthcare Center in Samsung Medical Center followed up patients, who participated in “Timed up and go” test for the 3.6 years and checked up the connection between myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation which are common in the elderly and relevance of the death with that test results.


“Timed up and go” is the test about measuring the time taken for an examinee standing from the sitting position, walking for 3 meters, coming back, and sitting again at the original spot was measured.


During the study period, 8,885 patients with myocardial infarction, 10,617 patients with heart failure, 15,322 patients with atrial fibrillation and 22,189 deaths were reported.


As a result of analyzing the relevance with the result of “Timed up and go” test, examinees who took more than 10 seconds had higher risks of myocardial infarction by 9% and heart failure by 8% than the control group. Also, the risk of death was 17% higher than the control group.


Examinees who took more than 20 seconds had a much higher risk than the control group:

Myocardial infarction - 40%

Heart failure - 59%

Risk of death - 93%


Professor Sohyun Chun said that as fats replace muscles, there are inflammatory substances built up and it adversely effects on blood vessels and as the result harms the heart. Also, Professor Chun said that for the elderly patients who were shown to have a high risk of heart disease through this test, it is important to prevent muscle loss by educating them to have proper nutrition consumption and do exercises


This study was published in the latest issue of “European Journal of Preventive Cardiology,” an international academic journal.